naslovnica
ISSN: 0351-0271
e-ISSN: 1581-1328
COBISS.SI ID: 5091842
UDK: 528=863
Zveza geodetov Slovenije
Publisher:
Association of Surveyors of Slovenia
Zemljemerska ulica 12, SI-1000 Ljubljana
E-mail: info@geodetski-vestnik.com
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3D-lasersko skeniranje naravnih jam: primer Škocjanskih jam

3D laser scanning of the natural caves: example of Škocjanske jame

Author(s):

Richard Walters, Nadja Zupan Hajna

Abstract:

In this article, we present issues arising from Terrestrial Laser Scanning of large natural caves using the example of Škocjan Caves, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Regarding pre-existing tachymetric survey of the passages and volumes calculated from them, the scanning of such a large cave was an even bigger challenge for the team. The cave of almost 6 km long passages with dimensions approx. 30 m x 40 m and max. heights up to 145 m, was scanned from 370 stations. Process of surveying the cave, involves establishing scanner positions through the cave, where scans will overlap, in a progressive route and once back on the surface, collecting, cleaning and stitching the scans into a point cloud 3D model. A total of 8.3 billion points were captured and 2,600 high-resolution photos taken. With Reigl’s RiSCAN Pro software, a point cloud model was registered and then exported to Hexagon’s 3D Reshaper to create a full surface model from which all measurements and calculations were made. Additionally, data acquisition using a camera on an unmanned airborne vehicle was used. By photogrammetric approach, digital terrain model of a surface was built and then tied to the cave model within 3D Reshaper. The resulting high resolution - point cloud model may be used for various purposes such as: volume calculations, detection of geological and speleogenetical features, etc. With a volume of 2.55 million cubic metres, Martel’s Chamber is confirmed to be the 11th largest cave chamber in the world at the moment.

Keywords:

Terrestrial Laser Scanning, point cloud, large caves, volume, Slovenia

DOI: 10.15292/geodetski-vestnik.2020.01.89-103

Citation:

Richard Walters, Nadja Zupan Hajna (2020). 3D-lasersko skeniranje naravnih jam: primer Škocjanskih jam. | 3D laser scanning of the natural caves: example of Škocjanske jame. Geodetski vestnik, 64 (1), 89-103. DOI: 10.15292/geodetski-vestnik.2020.01.89-103

ISSN: 0352-3551
EISSN: 1581-0267
COBISS: 3664386
UDK: (05) 532;556;626/628.6
Zveza geodetov Slovenije
Publisher:
Association of Surveyors of Slovenia
Zemljemerska ulica 12, SI-1000 Ljubljana
E-mail: info@geodetski-vestnik.com
CC